A communication protocol that permits transmission in both directions but in only one direction at a time.
An electromechanical device for information storage and retrieval, incorporating one or more rotating disks on which data is magnetically recorded, stored, and read. The principal products of WD.
An error that is repeated every time the same area on a disk is accessed.
A technique that uses a digital signal to indicate the beginning of a sector on a track.
Head disk assembly. The mechanical components of a hard drive, including disks, heads, spindle motor, and actuator.
Also known as a read/write head. An electromagnetic coil and metal pole that read/write magnetic patterns on a disk. A drive with several disk surfaces or platters has a separate head for each data surface. See also MR head.
A motor that moves the head stack assembly in a hard drive to align read/write heads with magnetic tracks on the disks.
The damage incurred to a read/write head when the head comes into contact with a disk surface. A head crash may be caused by severe shock, dust, fingerprints, or smoke, and may damage the disk surface and/or head.
head loading zone
The area on a disk reserved for heads to take off or land when power to the drive is turned on or off. No data is stored in the head loading zone.
head stack assembly
An electromechanical component containing read/write heads and their supporting devices.
The lack of headers or ID fields (track format). This format enables greater efficiency and increased user capacity.
Hierarchical File System. File system developed by Apple Computer for use on computers running Mac OS.
Formatting that erases all information on a hard drive and sets up the system for storing and retrieving files.
The computer to which other computers and peripherals connect. See also initiator.
A plug-in board that acts as an interface between a computer system bus and a hard drive.
The point at which a host and a drive are connected to each other.
host transfer rate
The speed at which a host computer can transfer data across an interface.
Act of swapping out a hard drive without having to power down the system or reboot. Hot plugging capability promotes system design flexibility, data availability, and serviceability.
See hot plug.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol. Protocol used by the World Wide Web to transfer information between servers and browsers.
HTTPS (HTTP over SSL) is the use of Secure Socket Layer (SSL) or Transport Layer Security (TLS) as a sub-layer under regular HTTP application layering. HTTPS encrypts and decrypts user page requests as well as the pages that are returned by the Web server.
A multiple port connection point for network devices, often used to connect segments of a LAN.